We store a lot of private and confidential information on our computer systems. Imagine, if someone with malicious intentions gets such information about yourself. It is therefore very important to keep yourself alert and attentive against such fraudulent activities and viruses.
To safeguard you from such malwares and viruses, we have outlined these safety tips that may help you secure your computer from any online fraud accidents.
Use Antivirus Software
A computer is said to be secure only if it has antivirus software installed. Experts have suggested using a premium antivirus software. Free antivirus software will only scan your computer apparently but if you want deep scanning of your computer and need complete protection from all sorts of viruses and data damages, choose a suitable premium antivirus software.
Premium antivirus software provides an additional layer of security, it also protects your computer from online threats. The data you save online i.e data you save over your emails, social networking sites, banking accounts, is also secured.
Premium antivirus is better than a free one as it has more security features and it automatically integrates latest updates. It’s always recommended to get a good antivirus, for pricing and features comparison view here. No matter what computer OS you are using, there is no lack of antivirus software available for all types of OS including Mac, Windows, iOS, Linux, etc.
Install Security Patches
Software and computer hardware are constantly attacked by viruses and threats that may cause serious damage to your system. Hackers take this advantage to break into your computer and steal important information. The best way to stay protected 24X7 is to install the latest security patches when released by the Operating system, otherwise, a little ignorance may result in a big loss to you.
If you are using Windows, you must be knowing the fact that Microsoft updates the security patch on Tuesdays which are also known as ‘Update Tuesdays’. Microsoft usually releases security patches monthly, six-monthly or sometimes even bi-monthly.
It’s also important to frequently update your drivers, you can use some driver updating softwares to automatically update your system drivers.
Add a Firewall
Firewall as the name suggests acts as a protective wall between your computer and the internet. It filters all the data that travels to and from your computer and the internet. It verifies and checks the authenticity of your data.
If you are using Windows PC, there is no need to install any firewall additionally because Windows has Firewall activated by default. However, you may find many firewall systems online. Mac systems also have in-built OS X firewall. For additional security you can also use some secure DNS servers.
Think Before Sharing Your Personal & Sensitive Information
Never share your private and confidential information with anyone having suspicious intentions or doubtful websites. You might often get many such pop-ups on your screen asking your address, contact, or banking details. Beware of them! Nowadays, identity thieves are very active on social media, so it is better to not share everything on social media.
For financial security, it is better to use secure e-wallets like Google Pay. Experts have advised to not use multiple websites for a single purpose. Stick to the one which is trusted. To check whether the website is secure or not, always see the initial url of the website address. If it is “https://”, that means it is the secure one having SSL certification.
Secure Your Emails
Phishing, email spoofing, and fraud emails are quite common after digitalization. Unexpected emails may be harmful to your email as well as computer data security. Even if you receive it from someone who belongs to your contact list, think twice before opening that email because there are chances that the sender’s name is spoofed to make you fool.
These emails are doubtful because when you open the attachment, it may inject a virus secretly into your system. And in this way, it can steal your sensitive data and information. For an additional layer of security, always make a habit of reading emails in plain text instead of rich text or HTML.
IMs Can Be Suspicious
No doubt that Instant messaging sites and Apps have made our lives easier but they have to be handled with care. The instant messaging platform is the favourite place of Trojan and worms from where they can reach their targets. We usually assume IMs are safe and secure but that couldn’t be the case always. Protect your IMs the same way you protect your Email accounts.
Use Strong Passwords
This is a very commonly given tip that you might have heard of it. But still, we take it for granted. Strong passwords are recommended so that no one can easily break it. Keeping a password as your girlfriend’s name, DOB, religious name or number is very easy to guess. Keep a complex combo of letters, numbers, special characters, and symbols to make it difficult to judge by anyone.
Also do not write your password anywhere which is easily accessible, say in your appointment diary or so. It is better to memorize it. It is also advisable to keep changing your passwords frequently.
For 360° security, enable two-factor authentication. If you find it messy to change passwords every now and then, you may use a password manager that will do the job for you. Browsers like Google Chrome, Firefox, and Explorer provide a default password manager, but you may also have the choice to use third party add ons like LastPass.
Beware of Internet Scams and Tempting Ads
The Internet is a very useful medium to gain information about world affairs but unfortunately, there are many fake stories flooded over there that lead to fraudulent activity. You may see sad stories, tempting lotteries, promise to win an iPhone and alike.
Don’t be greedy to click them and invite the trouble on your own. To avoid them, simply click the cross ‘X’ sign and never click on such ads. They may have popup viruses and harmful codes intended to steal your data and sell it.